Hypertension is a common condition in which the blood pressure is high enough to cause heart problems. It is determined by the amount of blood your heart pumps. Blood pressure is also determined by the resistance provided by the arteries to the blood flow. Men are more likely to be diagnosed with hypertension than women.
Some of the risk factors are:
Lack of physical activity
Too much sodium intake
Drinking too much alcohol
Most of them with high blood pressure, do not show any signs or symptoms, even though their blood pressure levels are very high. But a few may experience headaches, shortness of breath, or nosebleeds. But these symptoms don’t usually occur until the blood pressure level rises to dangerous life-threatening levels.
Blood pressure is measured in millimeters of mercury (mm/Hg). It is recorded as one number over the other. The first number is the pressure when your heart beats or systolic pressure and the second number is the measurement of pressure in between beats or diastolic pressure.
Systolic pressure less than 120 and diastolic pressure less than 80 are considered to be normal blood pressure. Systolic pressure of 130-139 or diastolic pressure of 80-89 is considered to be stage 1 in hypertension. Stage 2 hypertension is systolic pressure of 140 or greater or diastolic pressure of 90 or greater.
It is important to check your blood pressure on a regular basis. If you are someone already diagnosed with hypertension, you should follow up with your primary care provider at least every six months.
Speak to your provider if you are experiencing any side effects such as dizziness, blurred vision, headaches, or chest pains.